The World Summit of Governments discussed the impact of artificial intelligence on governments' work by holding two panel discussions. The first was titled "Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Work" by Professor Daniela Ross, Director of the Laboratory of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence at the Massachusetts Institute, What is Artificial Intelligence: The Hard Choice "by Professor Nick Bostrom, Director of the Department of Artificial Intelligence, University of Oxford.
Professor Daniela Ross, director of the Institute of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said: Artificialization does not mean eliminating or eliminating human functions. It contributes to improving our predictability and linking results through massive data processing, but it is difficult to do the work that requires each task to be completed. Artificial intelligence helps us focus on Which we consider to be more important, and provides us with a lot of time and effort. "
Ross pointed out that artificial intelligence contributes to enhancing the effectiveness of all our work and functions, since machines possess super abilities beyond human abilities, especially in performing cognitive functions Finely accurate.
The medical sector benefits from machines capable of reading radiographs and diagnosing diseases more accurately than doctors themselves, which means better treatment of diseases, as well as other professions such as law and financial analysis, as well as companies that benefit from deep learning Of artificial intelligence to improve production lines.
Ross noted that with increased interest in artificial intelligence, it is necessary to raise the quality of jobs and improve labor income by providing them with new skills. Workers who lose their jobs to advanced machines can be trained in data mining to be cadres To cope with the knowledge economy, and explained: "It is about the readiness of the worker to accept the new reality, and who has the primary responsibility in training workers to learn and acquire new skills, are governments and then companies."
Professor Nick Bostrom who He has about 200 work in the field of artificial intelligence and is one of the most important global thinkers in this field. He talked about the dangers of artificial intelligence on human existence. He explained that man has the general intelligence that allows him to acquire science, skills and wisdom, which makes him superior to the machine in many Aspects, as Yum
"The deep learning that artificial intelligence offers to imitate the human brain function in terms of thinking, inventing solutions and drawing conclusions will open wide horizons, but the lack of talent and slow technological progress in this," Bostrom added. "We need more computing capabilities to serve artificial intelligence."
In his speech, Bostrom referred to the extraordinary artificial intelligence, ruling out the possibility of sudden access to it, where many researchers believe it will progress gradually by improving equations and algorithmism
At the conclusion of the meeting, Bostrom stressed the need to teach machines the values and ethics of human beings, and to bind them to some limitations so that we can control them, especially when they reach the stage of intelligence supernatural, pointing out that it is futile for governments to put restrictions On the technological development that will lead to the emergence of supernatural intelligence because of fears of human continuity, but the workers in this area should take into account the public interest and the use of artificial intelligence capabilities for the benefit of all.